Oregon State Penitentiary had the need for a new behavioral health clinic to aid inmates with mental and behavioral illnesses, because of this addition these inmates are now allowed double the free time outside of their cells than previously with the help of treatment and classes this facility is able to provide. The facility was designed with the help of prison staff in a circular fashion with a central security space to safely move prisoners and promote safety for everyone in the facility. There are two physicians’ offices, a counselor’s office and four treatment classrooms to provide aid for the inmates. The interior and exterior finishes match the existing buildings on site to keep the old and new building looking uniform.
Offsite construction of this particular facility allowed the onsite time to be minimized from a 12- 16 month construction time frame to 28 days, the extensive reduction of on-site construction resulted in enormous savings. With the extreme security protocols related to delivering materials and tools in and out of the prison daily, checking all tools and materials in and out daily as well as counts and the paperwork that went with that took approximately 45 minutes twice a day, as well as background checks and orientation for all personnel on site. On top of that only tools in use were allowed out, all others were locked up until they were needed, all hand tools had to be taken home daily and checked out and back in the next day this made modular construction the obvious choice for this project as it is the only option that decreases site time drastically. The accelerated completion schedule over “site built” not only saved cost, but dramatically reduced the disruptions to daily activities inside the prison and added to the safety of security officers and administrative professionals. Successful use of offsite construction for this project has lead Oregon State Penitentiary to look into using this method on future projects and additional facilities.
Oregon State Prison
Post & Beam
Modular buildings are prefabricated, portable and customizable structures, which can be temporary or permanent. Sections of the building called modules are built in a factory controlled environment. Once completed each module or section is transported and set in the desired location. The following are just a few industries the have benefited from the efficiency of modular construction:
- Multi-Family Housing
- Public Safety
- Disaster Relief
1. Time Savings
Off-site construction is utilized in a more efficient timeline compared to traditional construction. A parallel production schedule is used to reduce approximately 60-90% of the building construction activity from the site location. On average, a customer is able to receive a finished product 30-50% sooner than traditional construction and experience an overall cost reduction on their project.
2. Site Disturbance
Off-site construction allows for fewer disturbances on-site and an increase in overall safety for the employees working on the project. This is a great advantage for schools, hospitals, or other active businesses that need to reduce on-site activity and noise at on-site locations.
When constructing in a controlled environment, waste is reduced by up to 90% using exact material amounts, controlling inventory items, and recycling materials. Extra cost and truck trips are also reduced by ordering items in bulk and storing these items in a warehouse to prevent damage or corrosion. Furthermore, excess materials from one project can be re-purposed or used on other buildings, instead of being thrown away at the end of a project.
There is virtually no limit to what one can build at an off-site construction facility. Modules can be built to match the exterior of existing buildings and built to withstand the same environmental constraints equal to traditional site-built construction.
5. Quality / Durability
Off-site construction uses the same materials and designs to the same codes and standards as traditional construction. In addition, modular buildings are built stronger than most conventional constructed structures because each module is over-engineered to handle road delivery and crane lifts. Precision and quality is also maximized due to the specialized production line where all materials are kept inside, eliminating the potential for moisture to accumulate in the construction material.
Modular buildings can serve as a temporary or permanent space. If you need a building that is portable, a temporary modular office building can later be taken a part, transported, and reassembled at a different location. This can prove to be a sound investment since you only have to pay the initial construction cost once. Additionally, the construction of a module building does not have to stop due to bad weather. Working inside a factory setting as opposed to the outdoors allows projects to stay on schedule and on budget.
7. Depreciation / Tax Benefit
Modular buildings have a more favorable depreciation schedule which can lead to tax savings. While traditional building costs are generally amortized over 35 years, modular office buildings can be on an accelerated depreciation schedule of 7 to12 years. Since you are able to depreciate your building faster, you are able to recuperate your cost sooner, therefore saving money. The tax benefit is particularly beneficial to schools during government and state funding season.
8. Cost Savings
The accumulating benefits of off-site construction ultimately result in more money back in your pocket. Less time on-site means the cost of paying for prevailing wages and tax-payer burden is minimized. Building in a controlled environment presents you with a high quality and durable building. The turnaround speed in which modular buildings are constructed, delivered, and set up allows you to be up and running faster.
The first phase consists of identifying what the client needs and wants. Information is gathered and then Modern’s professional team of designers creates a modular building design that is ideal for the client. Some questions that will be asked:
Each building design goes through Modern's Engineering Department for an in-depth engineering review. Like site-built structures, modular buildings are subject to a series of national, state and local building codes that ensure the building meets a set of standards for safety and performance. During the building review process, the Engineering Department’s staff will confirm that the design proposal meets all applicable building codes as recommended by the state where the building will be placed.
3. Permits / Approvals
Most all jurisdictions require construction and building permits for new construction or major renovations. These permits may take anywhere between several weeks to several months to be approved (depending on season and size of project). Obtaining the correct permits is vital for the project to progress as scheduled. Failure to obtain the proper permits can result in significant fines, penalties, and even demolition of unauthorized construction. The following are some of the tasks that take part in this stage:
4. Site Development
The most considerable benefit to modular construction happens during this stage of the process. The site is developed and building foundation is set while modules are concurrently fabricated in the manufacturing facility. Due to this simultaneous construction technique, a substantial amount of time is reduced from the construction schedule. This is excellent for businesses who want to break out of the outdated sequential timeline found in traditional site built construction and get their building up and running more quickly.
Module sections are constructed in a controlled factory setting where materials are kept indoors and away from potential moisture. Modules move through a production line where specialized professionals utilize exact materials and third party inspections occur at each process phase. Construction begins with framing the floor and wall sections of the modules. At a separate station, roof construction occurs at ground level before it is hoisted up and connected to the wall and floor assembly. As the module moves down the line, plumbing, mechanical, and electrical components are installed. The module then passes through the interior finish station where insulation, drywall, paint, flooring, and cabinets are done. The final stop of the module construction process is applying the exterior. The lap siding, roof panels, and painting are applied before final inspection is conducted and the modules are prepared for shipping.
Before the modules can officially ship out, special road permits are obtained by the Transportation Department and final building approvals must be given by third party inspectors. Modules are then set on top of mod-trailers and prepared to ship out to site. Depending on the size of the module, front and back pilot drivers will guide each truck carrying a module to its destination. Pilots are responsible for guiding trucks through turns and checking for blind spots. Once the modules reach their destination, the buildings are delivered in sequential order according to how the buildings will be set in place.
The final stage of the module construction process is the installation of the modules. An on-site crew will install the modules and complete any finishes on the exterior or interior of the building. Depending on the size of the project, cranes and crawlers may be recommended to assist in placing the modules on the foundation. Subcontractors may be brought in to install utility connections and complete other miscellaneous work. On average, installation of modular buildings takes about 4-6 weeks to complete, but varies by project.
Why Choose Modern?
We are known throughout the industry for being synonymous with quality, craftsmanship, and value for over 48 years. Our top-of-the-line manufacturing process and our personalized services has set us apart for all these years.
We can take care of everything! All operations: design, engineering, planning, manufacturing, transportation and assembly of your building can all be done in-house. We are a true one-stop shop for modular building construction.
Don’t pay for dealer or middle-man markups. We are the longest running and ONLY factory direct modular building manufacture in Oregon, Washington, and California.